1. DOI /vx. Pontifical Encyclical Divino Afflante Spiritu () and Principle of Interpretation Bible. PhDr. ThDr. Daniel Slivka, PhD. DIVINO AFFLANTE SPIRITU Encyclical of Pope pius xii concerning the advancement of biblical studies. The document is dated Sept. 30, , feast of St. WHEN the Encyclical Letter Divino Afflante Spiritu appeared thirty years ago, it was the conclusion that in this field Pope P ius XII’s Encyclical was really.
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Its historical section does not dwell on the serious controversies over rationalism and modernism. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. There was a significant return in the Church to the scientific study of the Bible. Let the ministers of the Sanctuary be convinced that all this, and whatsoever else an apostolical zeal and a sincere love of the divine word may find suitable to this high purpose, will be an efficacious help to the cure of souls.
Based on this also, the faithful are admonished to make free and holy use of the sacred books in order that it instructs them to salvation by the faith which is in Christ Jesus.
Catholic exegetes received the Divino afflante Spiritu with profound gratitude. Previously, Catholic translations of the Bible into modern languages were usually based on the Latin Vulgate, the text used in the Liturgy.
Handbook of Biblical Criticism 3rd ed. Hence there are grounds for hope that those also will by constant effort be at last made clear, which now seem most complicated and difficult. On the contrary in this our time, not only the Greek language, which since the humanistic renaissance has been, as it were, restored to new life, is familiar to almost all students of antiquity and letters, but the knowledge of Hebrew also and of their oriental languages has spread far and wide among literary men.
Other documents had greatly increased our knowledge of the history, the daily life, and the religious thought of the ancient world. Pope Pius X here includes the conditions for biblical studies as investigation by means of excavation and the use of papyri. For thus at long last will be brought about the happy and fruitful union between the doctrine and spiritual sweetness of expression of the ancient authors and the greater erudition and maturer knowledge of the modern, having as its result new progress in the never fully explored and inexhaustible field of the Divine Letters.
Divino afflante spiritu
In his encyclical, Pius stressed the importance of diligent study of the original languages and other cognate languages to arrive at a deeper and fuller knowledge of the meaning of the sacred texts:. For the Sacred Books were not given by God to men to satisfy their curiosity or to provide them with material for study and research, but, as the Apostle observes, in order that these Divine Oracles might “instruct us to salvation, by the faith which is in Christ Jesus” and “that the man of God may be perfect, furnished to every good work.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. This encyclical was a vindication of the persevering work of the Dominican Father M. Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia.
Divino afflante spiritu | encyclical by Pius XII |
Let Catholic exegetes then disclose and expound this spiritual significance, intended and ordained by God, with that care which the dignity of the divine word demands; but let them scrupulously refrain from proposing as the genuine meaning of Sacred Scripture other figurative senses. How much light has been derived from these explorations for the more correct and fuller understanding of the Sacred Books all experts know, as well as all those who devote themselves to these studies.
Concerning the meaning of exegesis and aids to exegesis in our age, mention is made of Catholic theologians saying that they have been able to examine and explain the nature and effects of biblical inspiration more exactly and fully than in the previous years. How difficult for the Fathers themselves, and indeed well nigh encycllcal, were certain passages dibino shown, among other things, by the oft-repeated efforts of many of them to explain the first chapters of Genesis; likewise by the reiterated attempts of St.
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The sacred Council of Trent ordained by solemn decree that “the entire books with all their parts, as they have been wont to be read in the Catholic Church and are contained in the old vulgate Latin edition, are to be held sacred and canonical. Jerome, In Isaiam, prologus ; PL 24, col.
But it is plain to everyone that priests cannot duly fulfill all this unless in their Seminary days they have imbibed a practical and enduring love encyclicxl the Sacred Scriptures. And of no less importance is papyri which have contributed so much to the knowledge of the discovery and investigation, so frequent in our times, of letters and institutions, both public and private, especially of the time of Our Savior. Riding Time Like a River: If these things which We have said, Venerable Brethren and beloved sons, are necessary in every age, much more urgently are encyclifal needed in our sorrowful times, when almost all peoples and nations are plunged in a sea of calamities, when a cruel war heaps ruins upon ruins and slaughter upon slaughter, when, owing to the most bitter hatred stirred up among the nations, We perceive with greatest sorrow that in not a few has been spriitu the sense not only of Christian moderation and charity, but also of humanity itself.
The Birth of Jesus: In this encyclical letter, the exegetes are instructed to disclose and expound the significance of the Gospel message carefully without proposing other figurative senses as the genuine meaning of the Sacred Scripture. What those exactly were the commentator cannot determine as it were in advance, but only after a careful examination of the ancient literature of the East.
The former helps in the knowledge of languages, letter, events, customs, and forms of worship of the ancient times while the latter has contributed to the discovery of letters and institutions of the time of our saviour. And now, while ardently desiring for all sons of the Church, and especially for the professors in biblical science, for the young clergy and for preachers, that, continually meditating on the divine word, they may taste how good and sweet is the spirit of the Lord; as a presage of heavenly gifts and a token of Our paternal goodwill, We impart to you one and all, Venerable Brethren and beloved sons, most lovingly in the Lord, the Apostolic Benediction.
Divino Afflante Spiritu (September 30, ) | PIUS XII
Views Read Edit View history. Help Center Find new research papers in: Many of them also, by the written word, have promoted and do still promote, far and wide, the study of the Bible; as when they edit the sacred text corrected in accordance with the rules of textual criticism or expound, explain, and translate it into the vernacular; or when they propose it to the faithful for their pious reading and meditation; or finally when they cultivate and seek the aid of profane sciences which are useful for the interpretation of the Scriptures.
John Chrysostom extolled with the highest praise and repeatedly declared to be found in the Sacred Books. From these therefore and from other initiatives which daily become more wide-spread and vigorous, sliritu, for example, biblical societies, congresses, libraries, associations for meditation on the Gospels, We firmly hope that in the future reverence for, as well as the use and knowledge of, the Sacred Scriptures will everywhere more and more increase for the good of souls, provided the afflanre of biblical studies laid down by Leo XIII, explained more clearly and perfectly by his Successors, and by Us confirmed and amplified – which indeed is the only safe way and proved by experience – be more firmly, eagerly and faithfully accepted by all, regardless of the difficulties which, as in all human affairs, so in this most spirity work will never be wanting.
Cited in Donahuep. He also mentions the spirit that is required for the task of interpreting the bible which include first, the recommendation by the fathers of the church that scholars should study the ancient languages and should have recourse to the original texts.
The pope encourages the furtherance of the scientific study of the Bible through the investigation and translation of the biblical texts in their original languages rather than in the traditional Latin Vulgate, and insists upon the importance of textual criticism to obtain the most accurate biblical texts.
The Holy Father makes a clarion call here, as he proclaims the above teaching of his predecessor, urging all to adhere to it religiously.
This page was last edited on 5 Julyat If the professors of this most important matter in the Spigitu accomplish all this, then let them rest joyfully assured that they have most efficaciously contributed spriitu the salvation of souls, to the progress of the Catholic faith, to the honor and glory of God, and that they have performed a work most closely connected with the apostolic office.
This is why in recent times, and at other times when the divine origin and correctness of its interpretation are questioned, the Church undertakes its defense and protection with great zeal and care. For having begun by expounding minutely the principle that the inspired writer, in composing the sacred book, is the living and reasonable instrument afflsnte the Holy Spirit, they rightly observe that, impelled by the divine motion, he so uses his faculties and powers, that from the book composed by him all may easily infer “the special character of each one and, as it were, his personal traits.
For whereas there arose new and serious difficulties and questions, from the wide-spread prejudices of rationalism and more especially from the discovery and investigation of the antiquities of the East, this same Our Predecessor, moved by zeal of the apostolic office, not only that such an excellent source of Catholic revelation might be more securely and abundantly available to the advantage of the Christian flock, but also that he might not enccyclical it to be in any way tainted, wished and most earnestly desired “to see an increase in the number of the approved and persevering laborers in the cause of Holy Scripture; and more especially that those whom Divine Grace has called to Holy Orders, should day-by-day, as their state demands, display greater diligence and industry in reading, meditating and explaining it.
For of the modes of afflanfe which, among ancient peoples, and especially those of the East, human language used to express its thought, none is excluded from the Sacred Books, provided the way of speaking adopted in no wise contradicts the holiness and truth of God, as, with his customary wisdom, the Angelic Doctor already observed in these words: Divino afflante Spiritu “Inspired by the Holy Spirit ” is a papal encyclical letter issued by Pope Pius XII on 30 September calling for new translations of the Bible from the original languages, instead of the Latin Vulgate of Jeromewhich was revised multiple times and had formed the spirltu basis for all Catholic vernacular translations until then.
Given at Rome, at St.