Defense Style Questionnaire (DSQ) is a self-report instrument designed to measure defense mechanisms. Although commonly used, the. J Nerv Ment Dis. Feb;(2) Psychometric properties of the defense style questionnaire (DSQ) in adolescents. Ruuttu T(1), Pelkonen M, Holi M. Request PDF on ResearchGate | On May 1, , H Chabrol and others published Validity study of DSQ (Defense Style Questionnaire. The item version).

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Lastly, studies have linked immature defense mechanisms with the development of various psychological difficulties such as anxiety and depression Blaya et al. There is someone I know who stylle do anything and who is absolutely just and fair. The failure of sublimation and rationalization to contribute to the factor structure raises the need for future cross-sectional as well as longitudinal studies to test the contribution of these defenses in different age samples and also in clinical and non-clinical groups to further support the structure and the discriminant validity of the DSQ in late childhood.

Some defenses appeared to have double loadings on one or two factors i. If sttyle boss bugged me, I might make a mistake in my work or work more slowly so as to get back at him.

Exploring associations between students’ defense styles and approaches to learning. Cramer suggests that: Journal of Clinical Child Psychology28— Next, we examined the scree plot as proposed by Cattell as a graphical method for determining the number of factors. The exploration of the psychometric properties of the relevant scales in young age samples is limited and mainly reported in the discrimination between clinical and non-clinical samples.

Psychometric properties of the defense style questionnaire (DSQ-40) in adolescents.

If I have an aggressive thought, I feel the need to do something to compensate for it. Journal of Personality Assessment97 2— I live more of my life in my dreams than in real life [instead of: We presumed correlated latent factors.


The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease4— Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Contributed by The first two authors have contributed equally to the paper.

Defense Style Questionnaire

A new instrument for the measurement of defenses in adults and adolescents. The Defense Style Questionnaire. We also compared use of defenses between genders; girls reported less use of mature and image-distorting styles than did boys. However, none of these versions has been used widely. The third factor, also in line with Ruuttu et al.

Fonagy links defensive patterns of behavior with bullying, making links to attachment theory and Youell fits bullying into the psychological account of splitting and projection. High scores signify that respondents view themselves in questiojnaire positive terms in diverse areas of functioning. I often find myself being very nice to people who by all rights I should be angry at.

Psychometric properties of the defense style questionnaire (DSQ) in adolescents.

Acknowledgments The authors have no support to report. Greater maturity of defense styles was associated with lower scores in quesitonnaire behaviours and with higher scores of psychological well-being and parental acceptance.

SA Journal of Industrial Psychology38 Longitudinal study of defense mechanisms: This version was further modified to a short item questionnaire corresponding to 20 defense mechanisms which were organized into three second order factors: The mentalization-focused approach to social development.

However, we retained two defenses: This factor differentiates from the third one, image-distorting, although they both depict immature personality patterns, in terms of action-orientation and image-orientation, respectively.

Table 5 shows the regression coefficient, Wald statistic, and odds ratio for each of the three predictors. After the completion of the questionnaires, children dsa debriefed and thanked for their participation. Psychometric properties in three different samples. Late childhood to late adolescence. If I can predict that I’m going to be sad ahead of time, I can cope better. Anna Freudp.

The American Journal of Psychiatry3— This instrument which was initially developed for adults seems, with minor phrasing changes, to be questionniare to provide researchers and clinicians with valid information about children emotional maturity-immaturity styles, shedding light on their psychological adjustment. The aim of the present study is to explore a the factorial structure of DSQ b to identify the internal consistency of the factors sub-scales emerged from the exploration of the factor structure of the questionnaire, as well as its convergent validity and c to test whether the defensive styles emerged from the factor analysis could differentiate individuals quesyionnaire to their gender and age as well as to the extent they get involved in bullying and victimization and the level of their self-reported well-being.


A systems psychodynamic description of organizational bullying experiences. Questiomnaire — Future Directions In the questionnairw study, valid and widely used instruments provide evidence for the appropriateness of the adult version of the DSQ for use in late childhood-early adolescents. Our results indicate that the DSQ is appropriate for defens in late childhood. I work more things out in my daydreams than in my real life].

There was no payment or other incentive to participate in the study. Developmental Psychology47— Finally, the Immature factor was negatively associated with both paternal and maternal acceptance and with Psychological well being. A psychodynamic perspective of workplace bullying: Permission to conduct the research was granted by the Greek Ministry of Education.

Prediction was good, with It is suggested that mature defenses protect against bullying behaviours supported by a positive perception of psychological well-being and parental acceptance Fonagy, In the daq analysis, it was found that Immature, Mature, Image-distorting and Neurotic factors were entered as predictor variables and Psychological Well-being as predicting variable.

The findings supported a four-factor solution as most adequate for our data Table 1.

Published online May