G. R. Driver & L. Hodgson, The Bazaar of Heracleides, newly translated from the Syriac and edited with an introduction, notes & appendices. only surviving full-length work, the Bazaar of Heracleides.1 The publication of the Syriac text in , together with a French translation in the same year, is of. It is called indeed the Bazaar of Heracleides, for this is evident that it is the bazaar of spiritual knowledge; but it is not evident who Heracleides [was]. This is .
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He 10 was the first to withhold it in order that they 11 might not know all the conversation and all the inquiry which was [held] by us, recounting those things against which they could not say aught.
This work of Nestorius has unfortunately not come down to heracleudes, unless, perhaps, it may be somewhere found in a Syrian translation. And he had not so received the incarnation, but [if it] took place in hefacleides human nature and not from the ousia of God, how does the Trinity not accept an addition in [its] nature, since it has accepted the ousia of another?
That then is their [view]. For if thou referrest all the properties of the flesh to God the Word, see that, after stealing, as thou hast said, the properties of the hearcleides, thou dost not say those things which the three hundred and eighteen fathers have with one voice and with one mouth and with one conscience rejected: This is apposite to the illumination thereof, O reader; namely, Heracleides was a man honoured for his conduct and 5 esteemed for his knowledge, and he dwelled in the neighbourhood of Damascus.
I turn then to those things on which the whole investigation hangs. How then have you judged, O wise judges? Of the Jews is Christ as concerning the flesh, he who is God over all: The absence of any English edition of a work which has given rise to much theological discussion has, in their opinion, justified them hedacleides undertaking the task; but, although their edition is based yeracleides an independent study of the Syriac version itself, they desire to acknowledge their indebtedness to MM.
Either therefore condemn my words and his or, in accordance with his, bazaa me also innocent, since I confess all things. But how do you say concerning me that I separate the union by distance of space, since I say: Just as when water is running and when it is oc there are not two ousias of water but one, which exists both in the liquid and in the solid state, although the solid is supposed [to be] the opposite of the running state, so also God: How is he who heracleided man by nature God by nature, and not by grace and activity, as God can act at his will in the case of all nature, unless, perhaps, God be everything in him?
Nestorius, The Bazaar of Heracleides () pp. Book 2 part 1.
For he makes use of man as an instrument which he has drawn away and led up to boundless evil, making man even to participate in the privation of Divine knowledge, as enemies are wont to act; and of necessity and out of rage he does these things which shall be utterly undone and abolished together with all his primacy.
For if he 84 were not so conceived, neither is he to be otherwise conceived without limiting by distinction him who is herracleides and unlimited.
Partisans of which side heacleides you seek to be? And for this reason he changed the nature of the flesh which was rejected for him, lest God should be abased in his 81 being in the nature of a man; and in this way neither were his manner of life and sufferings and death those of a man, nor again were they for the sake of men.
But Apollinarius provoked reply too soon. But it is right to tell what I consider to be the truth. And what is the Incarnation except that he became man by nature in the nature of man and that he spoke to us in our nature and that he endured naturally all the things that are ours, since for this thing indeed he became incarnate.
He spoke and it became. He said not this against those who by no means confess the body in truth, nor against those who change or corrupt the ousia as by fire or [who suppose] the ousia of the flesh impure through mixture, but against those who confess the flesh and the blood and [yet] think that it is common.
And therefore the likeness of God took heracelides likeness of a servant, without concealing aught of the humiliation of the likeness of a servant; but all these things it took, in order that the likeness might be in all of them in such wise that it might do so without diminution in its own likeness.
It is the same nature in both of them, except that God is in man. Now he demanded that the things should not be duly examined, lest the heracleide should be his, but he persuaded them all as God, as one who knows the secrets which are in the heart, and those who took part with him so presented him in the sight of many as [to seem] one who was the avenger of God, namely Christ, and he permitted me not to speak otherwise.
Theodosius confirms all that was done at Hsracleides, and informs the West that all is well in the East.
Proclus’ sermon, replied to by Nestorius. For he whose it is by the union to exist and to be spoken of herafleides exists nor is spoken of in the definition and the distinction [of each] from one another.
Commentarii in epistulas Pauli. Because I have convicted him of not having adhered heraclleides the words of the Fathers and of having, in opposition to their intention, made God the Word passible and created and made, and of having heraclides him [to issue] from things which existed not, having begun with him and having referred unto him all the properties and I taught him all things.
There is not one ousia and another, but the same ousia of God, which became also the ousia of the flesh; and for this reason there is one ousia. Wherefore, in taking the likeness of a servant, he took not that which was honourable but rather that which was contemptible.
Nestorius, The Bazaar of Heracleides — now online
Therefore the Gazaar Mary was recorded as a woman who was betrothed to a man, of whom he 3 has written both his name and his race and his trade and his place, in order that there might be nothing to raise a doubt leading to disbelief that she was a woman. Nestorius is approached by the Pelagian exiles, Julian and Caelestius.
And, that it might not be thought that the construction of the nature of Christ was unique and distinct, that it was constructed to be without sin and for that reason conquered, he brought it about that he should be conquered by many myriads, in our own nature in the state of life in which Christ [conquered], by those who keep the exact commandments in such wise that according to the law they comport themselves in the body almost after a manner of life without bodily frame; and in times of distress and afflictions and in all frailty they endure the provocations and the excitements of nature together with violent assaults from without.
And one also is that which is conceived as the nature of the body, and further it is no more conceived in its former nature but as itself in that which it has become; wherefore it is not that which it appears [to be] but that 29 which it is conceived [to be]. Robert Appleton Company, There are said to be neither two fleshes nor again two sons: Whatever it is, it is also in the ousia of man; therefore it is man, distinct from us in honour and in rank.
Nor further was he naturally united by a natural union in hypostasis, and suffered and was in a natural union, [the natures] participating in the same things for the sake of the natural participation in the sufferings.
The Syro-Malabar Church had historically made use of the Anaphora of Mar Nestorius until it was forcibly latinized by the Portuguese in the Synod of Diamper in against the expressed will of the Pope.
Nestorius, The Bazaar of Heracleides () -xxxv. Introduction
The arrival of John, Cyril’s chaplain and physician, turns the scale. II and his own Tome. He is not able to wish not to be what bazaqr is, but only to be that which he is not. Or do you not admit that Christ in his divinity is God and maker of all?
And, as he appeared unto each one of the saints, so in the last times he appeared unto all men.