The Kuchipudi style follows Natyashastra more than any other dance form in India. Asamyuta Hastas – gestures of one hand carrying a certain semantic load. One of the most striking features of Indian classical dance is the use of hand gestures. So vast are the subtleties expressed in the hand gestures of hasta that the Bharatanatyam · Kathak · Kathakali · Kuchipudi · Manipuri · Mohiniyattam. Hastas / Mudras (hand gestures) are primarily classified as 28 Asamyuta Hastas ( one-hand gesture) and 24 Samyuta Hastas (two-hand gestures).

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There are four kinds of abhinaya means of expression: When the forefinger and kufhipudi thumb are kept without any gap and the remaining fingers are stretched out, it is the Hamsasya hasta. Kuchipudi dancers aamyuta to be erratic, scintillating, rounded and fleet footed.

If all fingers of the Sarpasirsha hasta are stretched out and bent forward besides the thumb and the little finger which are raised upthen it is the Mrigasirsha hasta. Each aspect of Abhinaya, or the expressive means available to people, is given a detailed description in such competent treatise as Natyashastra written by the great Bharatamuni.

Viniyoga Sloka Etasyaviniyogastu Varaharthe tu Yujyate. Although both of them are hand gestures we will call them hastas while speaking of a technical aspect of the dance and mudras if it is a necessary to distinguish a certain gesture in the dance that has a certain meaning. Over the centuries as the performances were dedicated to the worship of Vishnu, the form came to be known as Bhagavata Mela Natakam.


Among the texts on the theory of dance two most competent kuxhipudi are distinguished: The main difference lies in the asamyutq. Nataraja Tandava Rasa lila Lasya. When the thumb and the forefinger of the Arala hasta are bent like pincers and the palm is a little hollow, it is the Sandamsa hasta.

Hastas and Abhinaya

To show Playful, Quarrel, Rope and Chains. When the palms of two hands in the Pataka position are turned downwards and asamuta one over the other with the thumbs lifted, it is called the Makara hasta. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. They perform with tasteful blend of grace and fluid movements.

Asamyuta Hastas. Single Hands Gestures

Symbolical – the gestures destined to portray such notions as beauty, power, opinion, male or female sex etc. There hastxs three groups in Angika abhinaya: If three fingers are held straightened like a wing of a swan and the little finger is raised and the thumb is kept bent, it is the Hamsapaksha hasta.

It is used to represent the bride and the groom, excessive weight, embracing a pillar. There is also historical evidence that the art prospered during the rule of the Satavahanas 2nd century BC.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Hastas hand gestures are the part of Angika Abhinaya and include the ways of expression through the physical body head, eyes, nose, hands etc.

To show Boar Wild Pig. Viniyoga Sloka Neeraajenavidhou baala Vaari Phaladikrehanaepicha Sandhyayaam marghyadaanecha Mantrapushpecha yujyathae. When two hands in the Sarpasirsha position are placed on the forearms, it is called the Gajadanto hasta.


This hasta is used for greetings and is held above the head to greet Gods, it is held between brows to greet Gurus and in front of the chest to greet Brahmins and scholars. This is mudra is used to express feeling of touch, anger, jealousy. Viniyoga Sloka Viniyogastu tatsyva Shivalingasya darshanae. When the ring finger of Arala hasta is bent, it is the Shukatunda hasta. Every person’s life becomes apparent by means of three aspects: Bharatanatyam on the other hand is Mudra oriented and gives significance to Padartha abhinaya, each word interpreted through mudras.

Bollywood song and dance Hindi dance songs Nautch.

List of mudras (dance)

When in the Tripataka hasta the index finger faces the back of the middle finger, it is the Kartarimukha hasta. If the ring finger and the little finger of the Kapitta hasta are raised up and the middle finger is bent forward, then it is the Katakamukha hasta. But very soon it gained popularity in all over South India, in particular. To express a woman, calling, deer’s head, cheeks.

When two hands in the Shukatunda position meet each other on the chest with palms turned kuchupudi and the palms are turning slowly over downwards, it is called the Avahitta hasta.